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Part IIb: Leitlun Milai thihnak

" Lam naite ah siseh, lam hlapi ah siseh, raldonak thawmvang nan thei ding, a sinain va phang hlah uh. Cubangtuk thil cu a um ding, a sinain a netnak a thleng tinak a si hrih lo" (Mt 24:6)

MILAI THIHNAK HRAMPI

    1. Raaal (Wars)
    2. Kuakfawp (Smoking)
    3. Nau thla (Abortion)
    4. Small Pox
    5. Tlangrai (Influenza) Pandemic
    6. AIDS
    7. 7. Cancer

RAAL ruangih thi

* International Red Cross : kum zabi 20 sungah milai 100 million hnakih tam ralruangah an thi, thah an tuar ti asi.

       Kum zabi 20 sungah ramkulh 193 in ralbuainak an tawng ih hriamhrei thawn kah awknak 65 a thleng. Leitlun ralpi voihnih nak a cem hnu lamah ral kah awknak nasa zetzet voi 150 a thleng

       Leitlun ralpi voihnih nak cem hnu ah kum zabi 20 sungah ralruangah mithi hi million 23 leng lo an si.

       1999 kumkhat sungah leitlun ralthuam zuarman hi US $ 53.4 billion asi ih kumkhat sungah leitlun pum in ralkap hrang sumpai hman mi hi $ 809 billion hnakih tam asi. USA hi a tambik, 49.1% neitu asi.  -

       The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute in a sim dan vek asile leitlun pum pi in ralkap le hriamhrei lam hrang an hman mi zate kawm hi $ 900 ihsin $1 trillion tiang asi. $ 1 trilion a cem asile leitlun pum in ralkap le hriamhrei hrangah minute pakhat sungah $ 2 million an hmang.

Raal: WARS I

          First World War (1914-18): 15, 000, 000

          Russian Civil War (1917-22): 9, 000, 000

          Soviet Union, Stalin's regime (1924-53): 20, 000, 000

          Second World War (1937-45): 55, 000, 000

          Post-War Expulsion of Germans from East Europe (1945-47): 2, 100, 000

          Chinese Civil War (1945-49): 2, 500, 000

          People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong's regime (1949-1975): 40, 000, 000

          Tibet (1950 et seq.): 600, 000

          Sources: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstats.htm#Recurring

Raal: Wars II

          Congo Free State (1886-1908): 8, 000, 000

          Mexican Revolution (1910-20): 1, 000, 000

          Armenian Massacres (1915-23): 1, 500, 000

          China, Warlord Era (1917-28): 800, 000

          China, Nationalist Era (1928-37): 3, 100, 000

          Korean War (1950-53): 2, 800, 000

          Rwanda and Burundi (1959-95): 1 350 000

          Rwanda and Burundi (1959-95):
1 350 000

          Rwanda (late 1950s, early 1960s, primarily Tutsi killed by Hutu)

          Burundi (1969, primarily Hutu killed by Tutsi) D.Smith: > 50,000

          Burundi (1972-73, primarily Hutu killed by Tutsi) 120 000

          Burundi (1988) 20 000

          Burundi (1993- ) 200 000

          Rwanda (1994, primarily Tutsi killed by Hutu) 937 000

Wars II hnu lam raal lakih thah awknak:

          Second Indochina War (1960-75): 3 500 000

          Vietnam War (1965-73): 1 700 000

          Cambodian Civil War (1970-75): 600 000

          Laos : Wallechinsky, 1959-75: 250,000

          Vietnamese Civil War, final phase, 1973-75 ;[TOTAL: 171,500 killed in the "Cease-Fire War".]

          Ethiopia (1962-92): 1 400 000

          Nigeria (1966-70): 1 000 000

          Bangladesh (1971): 1 250 000

          Cambodia, Khmer Rouge (1975-1978): 1 650 000

          Mozambique (1975-1992): 1 000 000

          Afghanistan (1979-2001): 1 800 000

          Iran-Iraq War (1980-88): 1 000 000

          Sudan (1983 et seq.): 1 900 000

          Kinshasa Congo (1998 et seq.): 3 800 000

North Korea (1948 et seq.) [make link]

          Communist regime:

o   Rummel estimates that the Communist regime of North Korea committed 1,663,000 democides between 1948 and 1987

§  North Korean victims: 1,293,000

§  South Korean victims: 363,000

o   Courteous, Stephane, Le Livre Noir du Communism: 2,000,000

§  In Party purges: 100,000

§  In concentration camps: 1.5M

o   23 June 2003 US News & WR: 400,000 died in gulags in past 3 decades.

o   The Center for the Advancement of North Korean Human Rights estimates that some 400,000 prisoners have died in labor camps since 1972. [http://www.nkhumanrights.or.kr/oldnkhuman/eng/nk/nknews12_01.html]

o   Famine, 1995-98

§  13 March 1999, Agence France Presse: (citing N. Korean defector) 3,500,000 deaths as of 12/98

§  19 Oct. 2000 Guardian: 3M

§  MSF: 3.5M [http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/publications/other/deadly_2001.shtml]

§  19 Oct. 2003 NY Times: 2M died in preventable famine.

§  10 May 1999, AP:

§  The North Korean govt. estimates 220,000 famine-related deaths, 1995-98

§  US Congressional delegation: 2M

§  South Korean intelligence estimates that the population of North Korea fell from 25M to 22M

Miphun le miphun do aw ding:
 Cubangtuk thil pawl cu nauhrin nat thok  "Ram khat le ram khat, peng khat le peng khat an do aw ding. (Mt 24:7)

Greek tongin “Nation” timi cu “ethnos” asi ih “miphun” “phunhnam” “race” tinak asi. Zesu in a rak sim cia mi cu “miphun pakhat le pakhat an do aw ding” ati mi cu leitlun hmun tampi ah hmuh ding a um zo, thimnak ah, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, tvp ah hmuh ding tampi a um.

The Associated Press (AP) asimnak vek asile ram pakhat le pakhat do dawknak hnakin miphun karlak thah awk nak ruangah mithi an tam sawn ti asi. Cold War cem hnu, 1989 ihsin kum sarih sungah miphun do awknak voi 101 hnakih tam a suak zo. An umnak ramkulh sungah phunhnam do awknak asi theu.

MIphun do awknak (civil wars) ruangah mithi cazin lak khawm mi hrekkkhat pawl cu a hnuai lam vekin a si:

1999: AP, The Independant, State Department, Center for Defense Information, CIA, World Almanac. 
Kum 1990s sungah thah awknak pawl:

Algeria : 75,000, 1992-98;
Burundi : 150,000-250,000, 1993-99; Tutsis and Hutus
Colombia : 1,200 mipi thi, 1998;, 300,000  hnakih tam vakvai suak.
Guatemala : 200,000, 1960-96;
Kosovo : 2,000, 1998;
Liberia : 150,000, 1989-97;
Nothern Ireland : 3,250, 1968-98;
Rwanda ; 500,000-1,000,000, 1994; Ni 90 sung that awknak: Tutsis le Hutus
Sierra Leone : 14,000, 1992-99; Revolutionary United Front le cozah do awknak 
Spain : 800, 1961-69; Basque
Sri Lanka : 57,000, 1983-99; Tamil miphun ralkap le cozah
Sudan : 1.5 million, 1983-99; Rebels/Christian and animist vs. the Arab and Muslim, rawl pam in a thlun. 
Turkey : 37,000, 1984-99; Kurdish rebels =Turkey 

Leitlun pumhuap: ABORTION

TOTAL, 1920 - 2008: WORLD

* 858,000,000 reported,

* 961,000,000 estimated total abortions

       1,206,000 abortions, thlatin nathlak zat

USA: “Uico na vuak le thawng na tla ding, asinan na pumsung naute na thah le zohman in an lo rel sak thei lo.”

       1970-95: America ramsungah 29,247,142 cozah dan sung vekin pumsung naute thah asi. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 47 No. SS-2)

Source: http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/policy/abortion/wrjp339.html

Abortions:

          1970-95: America ramsungah 29,247,142 cozah dan sung vekin naute tlak zat. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 47 No. SS-2)

Abortion percentage by country, worldwide--most recent data, country average.

Abortion percentage, worldwide--by subregion, where available, or by country, most recent data. (Note: region-level data is often incomplete.)

Smallpox:

Smallpox natnak in leitlun pumpi kum zabi 20 sungah milai ziangzat a thah ti dikzet mipum cazin lak theih asi lo nan a hnuailam ih hliakhlai tu pawlin a zat bang aw lo in an sim:

    1. Mannfred Hollinger, Introduction to Pharmacology:

Half a billion, 20th Centruy.

2. John Campbell, Campbell's Physiology Notes for Nurses:

300 million, 20th Century.

3. Michael Oldstone, Viruses, Plagues, and History: 300M

4. Albert Marrin, Dr. Jenner and the Speckled Monster: 300M

Kuakfawp:

          R. Peto, "Mortality from tobacco in developed countries: indirect estimation from national vital statistics", Lancet, 23 May 1992:

o   1930-59: 11,000,000

o   1960s: 9,000,000

o   1970s: 13,000,000

o   1980s: 17,000,000

o   1990s: 21,000,000

o   TOTAL (1930-1999): 71,000,000 (US, Europe, USSR, Canada, Japan, Australia, NZ)

          World Health Organization in a sim dan vek asile khaikhawm in milion 3 million tluk kumtin te kuak fawp ruangah, kuakfawp thawn pehpar ruangah an thi.

           [http://www.americanhumane.org/site/PageServer?pagename=nr_fact_sheets_animal_euthanasia]

          [http://www.hsus.org/pets/issues_affecting_our_pets/pet_overpopulation_and_ownership_statistics/hsus_pet_overpopulation_estimates.html]

Influenza Pandemic, 1918-19:

          Gilbert: 13,000,000

          Encarta: 20,000,000 (also Time: Great Events of the 20th Century; also 30 June 1998 Washington Post)

          Michael Howard, The Oxford History of the Twentieth Century: 20M d. in 1919 flu.

          Our Times: 21,642,274

          MEDIAN: ca. 21M

          Wallechinsky: 30,000,000

          R.S. Bray, Armies of Pestilence: the Impace of Disease on History (1996): 25-50M, citing Burnet & White

          John M. Barry, The Great Influenza (2004)

o   1927 AMA study: 21M

o   1940s McFarlane Burnet est. 50-100M

o   2002 epidem. study: 50-100M

          Spartacus [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWinfluenzia.htm]: >70,000,000


Tlangrai natnak ruangaih thi pawl: Influenza Pandemics

  KUM/NATNAK/MIHI-   US//World

1918-19; H1N1 - Spanish Flu: 500,000//21-50 M

1957-58: H2N2 - Asian Flu: 60,000//1 M

1957-58: Some sources 4 Million worldwide flu deaths

1968-69: H3N2 - Hong Kong: 40,000//750 K

1997-: H5N1, H9N2, H7N7, H7N2, H7N3 - Avian influenza (Bird Flu)

None/60

K=1,000, M=Million

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol12no01/05-1254.htm

AIDS
 Nitin te milai 5,500 AIDS ruangah an thi.
 http://www.until.org/statistics.shtml?gclid=CM6ptuTf1p0CFRnyDAodnlgwtQ

HIV/AIDS by UNAIDS/WHO, July 2008, kumtawp 2007.

          HIV/AIDS natnei 2007-33.0 million, Est. 30.3-36.1 million

-Upa HIV/AIDS,  2007-30.8 million; est. 28.2-34.0 million

-Nunau HIV/AIDS, 2007-15.5 million; est. 14.2-16.9 million

-Nauhak HIV/AIDS, 2007-2.0 million; est. 1.9-2.3 million

          1981 hnu lamah, Milai 25 million hnakih tam AIDS in an thi.

          Africa ramah 11.6 million AIDS nei naute an um.

          Kumtawp 2007 ah 50%  AIDS nei pawl hi nunau an si, leitlun pum

          Kum 25 tang (under 25 years old) lam pawl hi HIV hrik kai thar lak ah a hrek (50%) an si. 

          9.7 million AIDS si ei ding ni lo an si; 2.99 million (31%) tluk lawngin si ei nak an nei.

          1981-98 :11,700,000 deaths worldwide, (from 23 June 1998 report by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

       Source:  http://www.unaids.org/highband/document/epidemio/june98/index.html)

       Source: AIDS & HIV information from AVERT.org ; http://www.avert.org/

 CANCER:
Cancer phun 100 lenglo in kumtin te milai 6 million lenglo a thath ringring. every year.

Mi Kut Ih Thi: Homicide

          1900-1999: Ruahman mi  8.5 million murders worldwide,.

          Khui tawkah ziangzat:

o   Brazil: 350,000, thah mi, 1990s (24 Oct. 1999 Guardian)

o   USA 1960-96: 666,160 murders and (non-negligent) manslaughters (Statistical Abstract of the United States

o   USA 1900-59: 390,136 murders (Watenburg, The Statistical History of the United States, 1976)

o   USA TOTAL: 1,056,296 (more or less -- depending on how you want to count manslaughters)

          739,938 murders worldwide, 1986-90, excluding the USA

Sources:

    1. http://www.census.gov/statab/freq/98s0335.txt)
    2. (http://www.ifs.univie.ac.at/uncjin/mosaic/ccrimes/tothom.txt).

Natural Disasters:

          According to a 20 December 1999 press release from the reinsurance company Munich Re, a total of 3.5 million people were killed in 20th Century disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and volcanos, but not drought or famine. (A total of 15M were killed by disasters during the entire Second Millennium.) [http://www.munichre.com]

Linghnin

Racism:

          Decade Excess Deaths

          1960s 65,000

          1950s 200,000

          1940s 300,000

          1930s 535,000

          1920s 630,000

          1910s 735,000

          1900s 835,000

          TOTAL 3,300,000

Decommuniziation:

          Jerry Hough, LA Times 18 August 1998 Op-Ed: With the collapse of communism in Russia, poverty and death rates soared, and some 3 million people in Russia died who would have been alive if the old life expectancy rates had been maintained. http://www.brook.edu/views/op-ed/hough/19980818.htm]

          The Times (London) 27 Jan. 2000: The Russian population is roughly six million lower than if birth and death rates had stayed constant since the fall of communism.

          28 Dec. 1994 Plain Dealer: 360,000 more Russians died in 1993 than in 1992

Motor Accident

Nahum 2:3,4: An ral miralha pawlih ralphaw cu a sen;An ralkap pawl cu senlaar in an thuam aw; An rangleng pawl raldo dingah artlang ih an tiar awk tikah cun, Meisa tleu vekin an tleu. An rang pawl cu an dungke hnih in an ding. An rangleng pawl cu khawsung lamzin kaupi ah an pet ciamco; Miseenpi tonnak hmunah suk le so ah an khir; Meisa hlio vek an si, Nimthlakau vekin an tle zukzo.

America ramsung lawngah kumtin te 19.50 million motor accident a um ih milai 4 million tluk kumtin hliam tuar in milai 45,000 tluk kumtin an thi.

Medical Mistakes:

          Institute of Medicine, 1999, sim vekin  44,000 - 98,000 Americans tluk kumtin te sibawi le silam hnatuantu pawl tuahsual pang mi ruangah an thi. (30 Nov. 1999 Washington Post, 30 Nov. 1999 AP, or pretty much any news source that day.)

          Eaten by Tigers:

          1875-1912: Milai 34,075 pawpi in a kei that, British-uk India ramah. , http://dsal.uchicago.edu/statistics/],

 

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