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Part IIa: Boruak tha lo ruangah mithi

BORUAK THA LO: NATURAL DISASTERS

Mathai 24: 7; .. Leilung tlun hmun kipah paam le linghnin a um ding.


1970 ihsin boruak tha ruangah thihnak tambik pawl:

(M-Million, K-1,000)

  1. TIdai kang/ramcar: 10 m;
  2. Tilian: 7M
  3. Linghnin: 1.9m
  4. Thlisia: 1.2M (Windstorms)
  5. Tsunamis: 257K
  6. Meisa tlangpuak: 96 K
  7. Thlisia: 53 K (Hurricanes)

1970 ihsin boruak tha ruangah thihnak tambik pawl:

  1. Flood: 3.7 M; 1931: Yangtze-Kiang River, China.
  2. Flood: 2 M: 1959: N. China.
  3. Flood: 900K: 1877: Huang He (Hwang Ho or Yellow) River N. China
  4. Flood: 500K: 1939: Honan province China 1
  5. Cyclone, Flood: 300-500K: 1970: Ganges Delta isles, Bangladesh
  6. Earthquake: 255-655K: 1976: Tanashan (Tianjin) Earthquake- E. China (8.2)
  7. Earthquake: 300K: 1850: Sichuan, China
  8. Earthquake, tsunami: 225K+: 2004; A 9.0 Earthquake in the Indian Ocean triggered a tsunami which spread over more than 10 countries in SE Asia and NE Africa. Sri Lanka, India, and Indonesia were worst hit. More information.
  9. Earthquake: 200K: 1927: Xining (Nanshan), China (magnitude 8.3)
  10. 10. Earthquake, Landslide: 200K: 1920: Gansu (Kansu), China (magnitude 8.6)

11. Earthquake: 142K: 1923: Shinsai or Great Quake, Kuato plain, Great Tokyo Fire Japan (8.3)

12. Flood: 142K: 1935 Changiyang River, China

13. Cyclone Flood: 138K: 1991: Bangladesh. Tropical cyclone

14. Earthquake: 110K: 1948: Turkmenistan, Russa (magnitude 7.3)

15. Volcano, Earthquake, Tsunami: 100K: 1883: Java (Krakatoa volcano)

16. Flood: 100K: 1911: Yangtze River, China

17. Volcano: 92K: 1815: Tambora Sumbawa, Indonesia

18. Earthquake: 83K: 1908: Messina, Italy (7.5)

19. Earthquake, Tsunami, Fire: 77K: 1755: Lisbon, Portugal (c. 8.7)

20. Earthquake: 70K: 1932: Gansu, China (7.6)

(Source: "The Vulnerable Become More VulnerableNew York Times Week in Review, Jan. 2, 2005) Note: Some people include drought under natural disasters. The table above lists disasters that occur usually unexpectedly over a short period of time.

       http://www.geocities.com/dtmcbride/hist/disasters-war.html

       Tsunami areas

       Leitlun Linghnin Thih tambiknak pawl

Date: Location: Deaths: Magnitude

  1. Jan. 23, 1556: Shansi, China; 830,000: ~8
  2. July 27, 1976; Tangshan, China; 255,0001; 7.5
  3. Aug. 9, 1138; Aleppo, Syria; 230,000; n.a.
  4. Dec. 26, 2004; off west coast of northern Sumatra; 225,000+; 9.0
  5. Dec. 22, 856; Damghan, Iran; 200,000; n.a.
  6. May 22, 1927; near Xining, Tsinghai, China; 200,000; 7.9
  7. Dec. 16, 1920; Gansu, China; 200,000; 7.8
  8. March 23, 893; ; Ardabil, Iran; 150,000; n.a.
  9. Sept. 1, 1923; Kwanto, Japan; 143,000; 7.9
  10. Oct. 5, 1948; Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, USSR; 110,000; 7.3
  11. Dec. 28, 1908; Messina, Italy; 70,000–; 100,0003; 7.2
  12. Sept. 1290; Chihli, China; 100,000; n.a.

       http://www.factmonster.com/spot/tsunami.html#tsunami

       Leitlun Linghnin Thih tambiknak pawl

Date: Location: Deaths: Magnitude

13. May 12, 2008; Eastern Sichuan, China; 87,587; 7.9

14. Oct. 8, 2005; Pakistan;  80,361; 7.6

15. Nov. 1667; Shemakha, Caucasia;  80,000; n.a.

16. Nov. 18, 1727; Tabriz, Iran;  77,000; n.a.

17. Dec. 25, 1932; Gansu, China;  70,000; 7.6

18. Nov. 1, 1755; Lisbon, Portugal;  70,000; 8.7

19. May 31, 1970; Peru;  66,000; 7.9

20. May 30, 1935; Quetta, Pakistan;  30,000– 60,000; 7.5

21. Jan. 11, 1693; Sicily, Italy;  60,000; n.a.

22. 1268; Silicia, Asia Minor;  60,000; n.a.

23. June 20, 1990; Iran;  50,000; 7.7

 24. Feb. 4, 1783; Calabria, Italy;  50,000; n.a.

Source: National Earthquake Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey. Data compiled from several sources.

       Deadliest Tsunamis in History:

       Fatalities1YearMagnitude Principal areas

  1. 225,000+2004///9.0Indian Ocean
  2. 100,000+1410 /b.c. Crete-Santorini, Ancient Greece
  3. 60,000+ 1755// 8.5  Portugal, Morocco
  4. 40,000+ 1782//7.0 South China Sea
  5. 36,500+ 1883 // Krakatau, Indonesia
  6. 30,000+ 1707// 8.4 Tokaido-Nankaido, Japan
  7. 26,360+ 1896// 7.6 Sanriku, Japan
  8. 25,674+ 1868//8.5 Northern Chile
  9. 15,030+ 1792// 6.4Kyushu Island, Japan
  10. 13,486+ 1771//7.4Ryukyu Trench, Japan

       Source: National Geophysical Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

       http://www.factmonster.com/spot/tsunami.html#tsunami

       Volcano: Meisa Tlang Puak

       Meisa Tlang Puak: Volcanu

       Source: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey

       Leitlun ah 550 meisa tlang a puak dah, thuanthu ngan ban cinah. Kumtin 60 hrawng a puak theu. Tipithuanthum hnuaiah a puak theu mi pawl cu milai theih loin a puak theu. Indianisia, Japan hnu ah America hi meisa tlang puaknak ram pathumnak asi, a zaten voi 60 hnakih tam meisa tlang a puak dah.

       http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0001746.html

       Meisa Tlang Puak Ruangah Tuartu mithi

Rank///Volcano///Year////Deaths1///

.

  1. Tambora,Indonesia, 1815//                         92,0002.,
  2. Krakatau, Indonesia, 1883//                        36,4173.
  3. Mount Pelee, Martinique// 1902//                          29,0254.Ruiz,
  4. Colombia-1985//                             25,0005.//
  5. Unzen, Japan-1792//      14,3006.
  6. Laki, Iceland-1783//        9,3507.
  7. Kelut, Indonesia-1919//               51108.
  8. Galunggung, Indonesia-1882//  4,0119.
  9. Vesuvius, Italy-1631//   3,50010.
  10. Vesuvius, Italy. 79//       3,360

Based on data in Volcanic Hazards: A Sourcebook on the Effects of Eruptions by Russell J. Blong (Academic Press, 1984).

Source: Volcano World, University of North Dakota.

 

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